Many abusers who inject anabolic steroids may use nonsterile injection techniques or share contaminated needles with other abusers. In addition, some steroid preparations are manufactured illegally under nonsterile conditions. These factors put abusers at risk for acquiring lifethreatening viral infections, such as HIV and hepatitis B and C. Abusers also can develop endocarditis, a bacterial infection that causes a potentially fatal inflammation of the inner lining of the heart. Bacterial infections also can cause pain and abscess formation at injection sites.
On top of increasing the production of sebum, steroids may also accelerate the growth of the acne causing bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes , adding to the acne’s severity. It’s advised that the best way to treat steroid-induced acne is to stop taking steroids, but this isn’t always possible. While often associated with body builders, steroids are used for a variety of ailments , such as arthritis, asthma, and severe allergic reactions. In times when you’re unable to stop taking steroids, it’s important to consult your doctor or dermatologist.