In the authors’ opinion, there is no safe dose of steroids, so it is crucial if you take them that you take the lowest dose possible. If you have taken steroids for longer than three months but have not had a conversation with your doctor about your bone health and other corticosteroid side effects, the time to do so is now. If you’ve lost more than a few centimeters of height, the likelihood you have osteoporosis is high and it is especially important to get your bone density evaluated and get started on osteoporosis treatments right away. Calcium and vitamin D3 supplements are essential, but there is a lot more to treating osteoporosis than these two nutrients. Comprehensive natural osteoporosis treatments can also be used exclusively in some cases or in other cases in conjunction with conventional treatments. In any case, it is important to work with a qualified integrative doctor or naturopathic physician and to NEVER discontinue steroid medication without consulting with your doctor and slowly tapering off.
Persons who are on drugs which suppress the immune system are more susceptible to infections than healthy individuals. Chicken pox and measles , for example, can have a more serious or even fatal course in non-immune children or adults on corticosteroids. In such children or adults who have not had these diseases particular care should be taken to avoid exposure. How the dose, route and duration of corticosteroid administration affects the risk of developing a disseminated infection is not known. The contribution of the underlying disease and/or prior corticosteroid treatment to the risk is also not known. If exposed, to chicken pox, prophylaxis with varicella zoster immune globulin (VZIG) may be indicated. If exposed to measles, prophylaxis with pooled intramuscular immunoglobulin (IG) may be indicated. (See the respective package inserts for complete VZIG and IG prescribing information.) If chicken pox develops, treatment with antiviral agents may be considered. Similarly, corticosteroids should be used with great care in patients with known or suspected Strongyloides (threadworm) infestation. In such patients, corticosteroid-induced immunosuppression may lead to Strongyloides hyperinfection and dissemination with widespread larval migration, often accompanied by severe enterocolitis and potentially fatal gram-negative septicemia .
Oral and injectable systemic corticosterois are steroid hormones prescribed to decrease inflammation in diseases and conditions such as arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis, for example), ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, asthma, bronchitis, some skin rashes, and allergic or inflammatory conditions that involve the nose and eyes. Examples of systemic corticosteroids include hydrocortisone (Cortef), cortisone, prednisone (Prednisone Intensol), prednisolone (Orapred, Prelone), and methylprednisolone (Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol). Some of the side effects of systemic corticosteroids are swelling of the legs, hypertension, headache, easy bruising, facial hair growth, diabetes, cataracts, and puffiness of the face.